Heavy fuel oil will remain the main fuel for deep sea shipping in year 2030 indicates new research from Lloyd’s Register and University College London’s Energy Institute. In a complex study involving many inter-related factors, ‘Global Marine Fuel Trends 2030’ (GMFT 2030) limits itself to the container ship, bulk carrier/general cargo and tanker (crude & chemical/products) sectors which represent about 70% of the shipping industry’s fuel demand.
VLCC: File photo
Marine fuels considered: Ranged from liquid fuels used today (HFO, MDO/MGO) to their bio-alternatives (bio-diesel, straight vegetable oil) and from LNG and biogas to methanol and hydrogen (derived both from methane or wood biomass) were included in the study.Engine technologiesIncluded were 2 or 4-stroke diesels, diesel-electric, gas engines and fuel cell technology. Since the uptake of certain fuels is influenced by them, a wide range of energy efficiency technologies and abatement solu... [More]
"We believe that as society recognises the limited choices available in the low carbon, oil scarce economy... we will see nuclear ships on specific trade routes sooner than many currently anticipate." This prediction came from CEO Richard Sadler of British classification society Lloyd's Register as he announced membership of a new 'think tank' on 15, November 2010. Lloyd's Strategic Research Group has joined hands with a research consortium that aims to produce a practical concept design tanker fuelled by a 70 MW nuclear reactor, setting itself a two-year time-frame for the project. Other members are US-based Hyperion Power Generation, who are expert in small modular nuclear reactor technology; innovative British ship design group BMT; and Greek shipping conglomerate, Enterprises Shipping and Trading S.A. The consortium chose a tanker design for its initial project as nuclear power appears suited best for large deadweight vessels that are at sea for much of their time, but whethe... [More]