Propulsion details of the Maersk Triple-E Class 18,000TEU Container ships

By Keith Henderson at February 24, 2011 06:49
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The Maersk Triple-E will be the world’s largest container vessel class yet the propulsion system is remarkable for its relatively small size and high efficiency. Contrary to postulations in earlier studies for this size of vessel, it does not require the monster 18 cylinder engine with propeller of record breaking proportions

The adoption of a twin skeg propulsion system with two engines driving two propellers heralds a new era in container ship design producing the vessel’s world record efficiency.

In keeping with the present and future economic and political climate, Maersk have paid very much attention to the “Green Credentials” of this ship. They have resisted the opportunity to go for a faster ship of 25+ knots, with ever larger engines but instead aimed at a top speed of 23 knots, some two knots slower than the Emma Maersk PS Class.

The lower speed of Triple-E means a lower total power requirement of around 63 MW, considerably less that the 80MW of the PS Class. The lower speed also introduces the opportunity of using an engine with a lower rpm, such as the recently announced MAN B&W G series of ultra long stroke engines.

Not only does the G series have a lower specific fuel consumption, it allows the use of a higher efficiency larger diameter propeller. A vessel of this size using a single large diameter propeller would run into draft restrictions that are overcome with the adoption of a twin screw solution. The Triple-E will use two four bladed propellers of 9.8 m diameter, compared to Emma’s single six bladed propeller of 9.6 m diameter. This twin propeller arrangement produces greater total thrust than the single propeller and with fewer blades creates less resistance. The estimated net benefit for Triple-E is a four per cent energy saving over the PS class single screw propulsion system.

The engine layout showing aft location of the twin ultra long stroke engines

Credit: A.P. Møller - Mærsk A/S

 

The Triple-E Class will use two four bladed propellers of 9.8 m diameter

Credit: A.P. Møller - Mærsk A/S

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